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Carlton, M. W.
Erodium texanum A. Gray
Fillaree, Pine needle, Stork's Bill, Texas stork's bill, Texas stork's bill
USDA Symbol: ERTE13
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Texas storks-bill or fillaree is a low-growing plant. Its long-stalked, oval leaves, with three rounded lobes, form an initial rosette close to the ground. From this rosette, horizontal stems extend to 15 in. The purple, five-petaled flowers bloom in clusters of two to three, opening late in the day and closing in the morning, except on cloudy days. Prominent yellow anthers contribute to the showy character.
The blossoms are sensitive to light, opening late in the day and closing in the morning, except when it is cloudy. Beaks on the seed pods resemble storks bills; thus the common name. During low humidity the tip coils, but straightens again when the humidity is high. In this way the seeds are dispersed.
Plant CharacteristicsHabit: Herb Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
, UT Native Distribution:
C., s. & w. TX
to extreme s.w. UT
& s.e. CA Native Habitat:
Prairies; open, limey areas
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Rocky or sandy soils on limestone.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0567
Collected Mar 10, 1990 in Bexar County by Harry CliffeNPSOT 0315
Collected Mar 31, 1993 in Comal County by Mary Beth WhiteNPSOT 0702
Collected Mar 30, 1994 in Bexar County by Mike FoxNPSOT 0573
Collected Mar 20, 1990 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-7
Collected 2006-04-21 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: NPC