Ephedra nevadensis S. Watson
Nevada jointfir, Nevada joint-fir
Ephedraceae (Mormon-Tea Family)
USDA Symbol: EPNE
A 5 ft. shrub with yellowish-gray, erect-spreading branches. Small, paired leaves split and fall off early leaving a leafless, broom-like shrub. Tiny, individual, yellow to light-brown flowers cluster together to form a cone-like inflorescence.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Dioecious
Size Class: 6-12 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr
DistributionUSA: AZ , CA , NV , OR , UT
Native Distribution: S.e. CA to UT & AZ
Native Habitat: Deserts; rocky slopes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Arid, sandy or rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitUse Wildlife: Seeds are eaten by mountain quail.The plant provides winter browse for large and small mammals.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Grown from seed. Seeds germinate best at alternating termperatures with quite cold nighttime temps. Seedlings grow rapidly and can be easily transplanted.
Seed Collection: On good seed years, abundant collections of seeds can be obtained by flailing the fruit branches over an open tray.
Seed Treatment: Hot water and 3 weeks stratification improve germination.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Ephedra nevadensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Ephedra nevadensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ephedra nevadensis
MetadataRecord Modified: 2009-02-20
Research By: TWC Staff