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Ephedra nevadensis S. Wats.
Nevada jointfir, Nevada joint-fir
USDA Symbol: EPNE
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A 5 ft. shrub with yellowish-gray, erect-spreading branches. Small, paired leaves split and fall off early leaving a leafless, broom-like shrub. Tiny, individual, yellow to light-brown flowers cluster together to form a cone-like inflorescence.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr
AZ , CA , NV , OR , UT Native Distribution:
S.e. CA to UT & AZ Native Habitat:
Deserts; rocky slopes USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Arid, sandy or rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitUse Wildlife: Seeds are eaten by mountain quail.The plant provides winter browse for large and small mammals.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Grown from seed. Seeds germinate best at alternating termperatures with quite cold nighttime temps. Seedlings grow rapidly and can be easily transplanted. Seed Collection: On
good seed years, abundant collections of seeds can be obtained by flailing the fruit
branches over an open tray. Seed Treatment:
Hot water and 3 weeks stratification improve germination. Commercially Avail:
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
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Record Modified: 2009-02-20
Research By: TWC Staff