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Pisapia, Robert J.
Encelia californica Nutt.
California brittlebush, Coast sunflower
USDA Symbol: ENCA
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A broad, rounded subshrub, 3-4 ft. high and equally as wide. It is woody just at the base. Brittle, green branches occur in circular bunches and bear bright-green, oval leaves which remain on the plant year-round only in wetter years. Two in., daisy-like flowers appear on long, leafless stalks. The yellow ray flowers surround reddish-purple disk flowers.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun
, CA Native Distribution:
S. CA Native Habitat:
Coastal bluffs; sage scrub slopes
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Description: Sandy or well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: Cut back by half in fall before new growth begins.
PropagationDescription: Propagate by softwood cuttings or seeds sown in fall.
Seed Collection: Seeds must be hand-harvested.
Seed Treatment: No pretreatment is necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2009-02-21
Research By: TWC Staff