En EspaŅol
Eleocharis montevidensis (Sand spikerush) | NPIN

NPIN: Native Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Search native plant database:
See a list of all Plants

Eleocharis montevidensis (Sand spikerush)
Marcus, Joseph A.

Eleocharis montevidensis

Sand spikerush, Spike rush

Cyperaceae (Sedge Family)

USDA Symbol: ELMO2

USDA Native Status:

The graceful, hairlike leaves of this spikerush are seen almost anywhere there are low-lying wet areas in full sun. Growing in dense mats, it can cover many meters with its delicate foliage and dainty, cone-like flowerheads.


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Inflorescence: Spikelet
Leaf: bright yellowish green
Flower: Flower tiny
Fruit: Yellow to brown tiny
Size Class: 0-1 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
Bloom Notes: Minute, reddish cone


USA: AL , AZ , CA , CO , FL , GA , KS , LA , MS , NC , NM , OK , SC , TX
Native Distribution: North America south to South America
Native Habitat: Moist, low-lying areas

Growing Conditions

Water Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2) , Acidic (pH<6.8) , Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Drought Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Acidic to alkaline both okay, as long as there is sufficient moisture. Can tolerate some brackishness.
Conditions Comments: In moist to marshy, seasonally flooded areas in full sun.


Use Wildlife: All parts eaten by many species of waterfowl and shore birds.
Use Other: Good as a lawn replacement for low, wet areas.
Attracts: Birds


Propagation Material: Root Division

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Nueces River Authority - Uvalde, TX

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-1036 Collected 2007-06-06 in Montgomery County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank


Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Recommended Species Lists

Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.

View Recommended Species page

Additional resources

USDA: Find Eleocharis montevidensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Eleocharis montevidensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Eleocharis montevidensis


Record Modified: 2013-09-12
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back

© 2014 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center