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Marcus, Joseph A.
Eleocharis montevidensis Kunth
Sand spikerush, Spike rush
Synonym(s): Eleocharis arenicola, Eleocharis palmeri
USDA Symbol: ELMO2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
The graceful, hairlike leaves of this spikerush are seen almost anywhere there are low-lying wet areas in full sun. Growing in dense mats, it can cover many meters with its delicate foliage and dainty, cone-like flowerheads.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
Bloom Notes: Minute, reddish cone
, TX Native Distribution:
North America south to South America Native Habitat:
Moist, low-lying areas
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
High Light Requirement:
Sun Soil Moisture:
Moist , Wet Soil pH:
Alkaline (pH>7.2) , Acidic (pH<6.8) , Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2) Drought Tolerance:
Low Soil Description:
Acidic to alkaline both okay, as long as there is sufficient moisture. Can tolerate some brackishness. Conditions Comments: In
moist to marshy, seasonally flooded areas in full sun.
BenefitUse Wildlife: All parts eaten by many species of waterfowl and shore birds.
Use Other: Good as a lawn replacement for low, wet areas.
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Division
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1036
Collected 2011-06-07 in Montgomery County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-12
Research By: TWC Staff