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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Corylus americana Walter
American hazelnut, American filbert
Synonym(s): Corylus americana var. indehiscens
USDA Symbol: COAM3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A dense, mound-shaped, thicket-forming shrub, 6-12 ft. tall. Yellowish-brown catkins are showy in late winter and early spring. The female bloom is obscure. Edible nut with ragged papery husk. Fall color varies from bright yellow to deep wine-red.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Light brown Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
, WV Canada: MB
, SK Native Distribution:
to Sask., s. to GA
& e. OK Native Habitat:
Thickets; upland forests; rocky hillsides; pastures
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Various moist to dry, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: Can be pruned anytime. Tends to sucker from the roots and must often be thinned out. No extensive disease or insect problems.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Nuts eaten by birds and squirrels.
PropagationDescription: Propagate by seed or softwood cuttings. Rooting percentages for cuttings are usually low.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Edible Plants for North Georgia
January 10, 2010
We are planning a forest food garden in the hollers of the N GA Mountains.
Which edible fruit, nut, berry, herb and creepers would be best for this reddish, clay-like soil? The food garden is in...
view the full question and answer
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2012-07-31
Research By: TWC Staff