Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britton ex Sarg.
Buckwheat tree, Buckwheat bush
Cyrillaceae (Titi Family)
USDA Symbol: CLMO2
A thicket-forming shrub or small tree to 12-18 ft. with attractive, dark, shiny, thick leaves and white to pinkish, terminal or axillary, fragrant flower clusters. Conspicuous anthers are orange-colored. Fruits are yellowish and buckwheat-like.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Margin: Entire
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Size Class: 12-36 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
DistributionUSA: AL , FL , GA , LA , MS , SC
Native Distribution: Coastal plain from GA to FL & LA
Native Habitat: Acid swamps, bogs & wet ditches
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
Soil Description: Wet, acid peaty or sandy soil.
Conditions Comments: Does not tolerate competition from other trees or shrubs. No serious disease or insect problems.
PropagationDescription: Increase by cuttings taken in mid-summer.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Cliftonia monophylla in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Cliftonia monophylla in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cliftonia monophylla
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-09-07
Research By: TWC Staff