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Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britton ex Sarg.
Buckwheat tree, Buckwheat bush
USDA Symbol: CLMO2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A thicket-forming shrub or small tree to 12-18 ft. with attractive, dark, shiny, thick leaves and white to pinkish, terminal or axillary, fragrant flower clusters. Conspicuous anthers are orange-colored. Fruits are yellowish and buckwheat-like.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
, SC Native Distribution:
Coastal plain from GA
& LA Native Habitat:
Acid swamps, bogs & wet ditches
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
Soil Description: Wet, acid peaty or sandy soil.
Conditions Comments: Does not tolerate competition from other trees or shrubs. No serious disease or insect problems.
PropagationDescription: Increase by cuttings taken in mid-summer.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| OBL || OBL |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
- Picayune, MSMt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-07
Research By: TWC Staff