Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britton ex Sarg.
Buckwheat tree, Buckwheat bush
Cyrillaceae (Titi Family)
USDA Symbol: CLMO2
A thicket-forming shrub or small tree to 12-18 ft. with attractive, dark, shiny, thick leaves and white to pinkish, terminal or axillary, fragrant flower clusters. Conspicuous anthers are orange-colored. Fruits are yellowish and buckwheat-like.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Margin: Entire
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Size Class: 12-36 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
DistributionUSA: AL , FL , GA , LA , MS , SC
Native Distribution: Coastal plain from GA to FL & LA
Native Habitat: Acid swamps, bogs & wet ditches
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
Soil Description: Wet, acid peaty or sandy soil.
Conditions Comments: Does not tolerate competition from other trees or shrubs. No serious disease or insect problems.
PropagationDescription: Increase by cuttings taken in mid-summer.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
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Research LiteratureReslit 429 - Sulfate reduction in freshwater wetland soils and the effects of sulfate and substrate loading (1998) J. N. Feng and Y. P. Hsieh
Reslit 696 - Vegetation responses to helicopter and ground based logging in blackwater floodplain forests (2000) R. H. Jones, S. L. Stokes, B. G. Lockaby and J. A....
Reslit 1245 - Unusual pit membrane remnants in perforation plates of Cyrillaceae (2003) E. L. Schneider and S. Carliquist
Reslit 1433 - Studies in the family Cyrillaceae. I. Development of male and female gametophytes in Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britton ex Sarg. (1969) M. Vijayara
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Cliftonia monophylla in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Cliftonia monophylla in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cliftonia monophylla
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-08-12
Research By: TWC Staff