Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Search native plant database:
Clitoria mariana L.
Atlantic pigeonwings, Butterfly Pea
Synonym(s): Martiusia mariana
USDA Symbol: CLMA4
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Twining vine, occasionally erect, with large, showy, lavender-pink, pea-like flowers, usually solitary but occasionally up to 3, in the axils of compound leaves.
This plant is often confused with Spurred Butterfly Pea (Centrosema virginianum), which has upside-down flowers, the banner pointing downward, while that of Clitoria stands erect.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Blue
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
, WV Native Distribution:
New York south to Florida; west to Texas and beyond; north to Missouri and Iowa. Native Habitat:
Dry soil, open woods, and thickets.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2013-10-30
Research By: TWC Staff