Native Plant Database

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Centrosema virginianum (Butterfly pea)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia

Centrosema virginianum

Centrosema virginianum (L.) Benth.

Butterfly pea, Spurred butterfly pea

Fabaceae (Pea Family)

Synonym(s): Bradburya virginiana, Centrosema virginianum var. ellipticum

USDA Symbol: CEVI2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)

Trailing or twining vine with violet flowers, single or in clusters of 2-4 in the axils of compound leaves.

The flowers of this delicate showy vine are recognized by their upside-down position. Sand Butterfly-pea (C. arenicola) has ovate leaflets indented at the base; Florida Butterfly-pea (C. floridana), with oval to lanceolate leaflets up to 3 (7.5 cm) long, occurs in the pinewoods of Florida.


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Size Notes: Climber
Size Class: 6-12 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Time: Jul , Aug


USA: AL , AR , DE , FL , GA , IL , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , NJ , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA
Native Distribution: New Jersey south to Florida; west to Texas; north to Arkansas.
Native Habitat: Acid soils, sandy woodlands, and fields.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:

Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-1114 Collected 2007-09-17 in Harrison County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center


Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Centrosema virginianum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Centrosema virginianum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Centrosema virginianum


Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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