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Chrysobalanus icaco L.
Icaco coco plum, Icaco coco-plum
Synonym(s): Chrysobalanus icaco var. pellocarpus, Chrysobalanus interior, Chrysobalanus pellocarpus, Chrysobalanus savannarum
USDA Symbol: CHIC
Characterized by round, shiny, dark-green leaves and edible, plum-like fruit, Icaco coco-plum exhibits a creeping habit on sandy beaches, but inland may reach 30 ft. tall becoming a small tree with a trunk to 12 in. in diameter. Evergreen foliage densely covers the symmetrical form. Lower leaf surfaces are yellow-green. Spreading shrub to small tree with dense rounded crown.
The fruits of this tree are used in preserves. Coco-plum is native to Florida, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Notes: Greenish-white, small.
DistributionUSA: FL Native Distribution:
from Cayo Costa south; also West Indies to s. Brazil Native Habitat:
A variety of inland sites (var. pellocarpus); sandy, coastal areas (var. icaco)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Variable.
Conditions Comments: The variety most commonly available from nurseries is var. pellocarpus. Ask for the other variety if a coastal planting is desired. Coco plum is quite tolerant of environmental extremes.
PropagationDescription: Propagation by seed is easy but slow.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FACW || FAC |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2011-08-02
Research By: TWC Staff