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Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn
Centaurium calycosum (Buckley) Fernald
Arizona centaury, Shortflower centaury, Rosita, Buckley centaury
Synonym(s): Centaurium breviflorum, Centaurium calycosum var. breviflorum, Centaurium calycosum var. nanum, Erythraea calycosa
USDA Symbol: CECA3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
This attractive member of the Gentian family grows from Central Texas west. It prefers moist places at altitudes under 4,000 feet. It is a low-branching plant 8-12 inches tall, with little foliage, so that the numerous pink flowers grow in a tight cluster, like a bouquet or corsage. Leaves are rarely more than 1/2 inch long, the blossoms 1 inch across. It has an unbelievable number of buds, which continue to bloom for days, even when picked. Blossoms are tubular with 5 starlike lobes and a small white eye in the center.
The brilliant pink corolla resembles that of Phlox species, which have three branches on the style; the style on Centaurium species ends with a small knob or two short branches.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual Habit: Herb Flower:
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
, TX Native Distribution:
Southeastern California northeast to southern Utah, east to central Texas, and south to northern Mexico. Native Habitat:
Moist open areas along streams, in prairies and meadows, and on hillsides.
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Brackenridge Field Laboratory
- Austin, TX
Record Last Modified: 2010-04-17
Research By: TWC Staff