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Arctostaphylos edmundsii J.T. Howell
Little Sur manzanita
Synonym(s): Arctostaphylos edmundsii var. parvifolia, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi ssp. emundsii, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi var. parvifolia
USDA Symbol: ARED
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A subprostrate shrub, 1-2 ft. tall, usually attaining a spread of 6 ft. The small, light-green, leathery, glossy leaves are tinged with red. Compact clusters of pink, urn-shaped flowers give way to red berries.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Retention: Evergreen Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape: Elliptic
, Ovate Breeding System:
Flowers Bisexual Size Notes:
Height 1/2 to 2 feet, spread 8 feet or more. Leaf:
Light yellow-green. Flower:
Reddish-brown 1/4 inch across Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Nov , Dec
DistributionUSA: CA Native Distribution:
Monterey Co., CA Native Habitat:
Chaparral; coastal bluffs & canyons; below 800 ft.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Poor, dry, well-drained soil.
Conditions Comments: Overhead watering can encourage fungal diseases, causing branches to die back. Plant roots along the stems. Often used as a ground cover. Fast-growing for a manzanita.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Makes a nice ground cover or border.
Use Food: Manzanita berries were used to make a refreshing, cider-like drink by indigenous peoples.
Interesting Foliage: yes
Nectar Source: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds , Softwood Cuttings
Description: Propagation by seed is can be difficult.
Seed Collection: The outer fleshy part of the furit may be removed by macering the fruits with water and separating the nutlets by flotation or air-screening.
Seed Treatment: Seeds of most Arctostaphylos species have hard seed coats and dormant embryos. Scarification (several hours in H2SO4) followed by stratification may improve germination.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Cut back when young to form shape.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CA
Record Last Modified: 2008-10-20
Research By: TWC Staff