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Arctostaphylos canescens Eastw.
USDA Symbol: ARCA5
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
This evergreen shrub may be erect and 3-6 ft. high or sprawling and shorter. Bark is dark red-brown. The leaves are light green and covered with a soft, white pubescence, giving and overall gray appearance. White to pinkish, bell-shaped flowers occur in short, dense clusters.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Root Type: Tap Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape: Ovate Leaf Pubescence:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May
, OR Native Distribution:
Coastal areas of n. CA
to s. Douglas & Josephine Cos., OR Native Habitat:
Dry, gravelly or rocky slopes; 1000-5000 ft.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Dry, rocky or sandy soils.
BenefitUse Food: Manzanita berries were used to make a refreshing, cider-like drink by indigenous peoples.
Use Other: Young shoots of manzanita used for fire drills by indigenous peoples.
Nectar Source: yes
PropagationDescription: Propagation by seed is can be difficult.
Seed Collection: The outer fleshy part of the furit may be removed by macering the fruits with water and separating the nutlets by flotation or air-screening.
Seed Treatment: Seeds of most Arctostaphylos species have hard seed coats and dormant embryos. Scarification (several hours in H2SO4) followed by stratification may improve germination.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CA
Record Last Modified: 2008-10-19
Research By: TWC Staff