Arctostaphylos canescens Eastw.
Ericaceae (Heath Family)
USDA Symbol: ARCA5
This evergreen shrub may be erect and 3-6 ft. high or sprawling and shorter. Bark is dark red-brown. The leaves are light green and covered with a soft, white pubescence, giving and overall gray appearance. White to pinkish, bell-shaped flowers occur in short, dense clusters.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Ovate
Leaf Pubescence: Tomentose
Size Class: 3-6 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May
DistributionUSA: CA , OR
Native Distribution: Coastal areas of n. CA to s. Douglas & Josephine Cos., OR
Native Habitat: Dry, gravelly or rocky slopes; 1000-5000 ft.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Dry, rocky or sandy soils.
BenefitUse Food: Manzanita berries were used to make a refreshing, cider-like drink by indigenous peoples.
Use Other: Young shoots of manzanita used for fire drills by indigenous peoples.
Nectar Source: yes
PropagationDescription: Propagation by seed is can be difficult.
Seed Collection: The outer fleshy part of the furit may be removed by macering the fruits with water and separating the nutlets by flotation or air-screening.
Seed Treatment: Seeds of most Arctostaphylos species have hard seed coats and dormant embryos. Scarification (several hours in H2SO4) followed by stratification may improve germination.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
BibliographyBibref 1218 - Tending the Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of California's Natural Resources (2006) Anderson, M. Kat
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From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1987 VOL. 4, NO.2 - Wildflowers Provide Activity in Summer, Beautiful Colorado Beckons, What is Rese...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Arctostaphylos canescens in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Arctostaphylos canescens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Arctostaphylos canescens
MetadataRecord Modified: 2008-10-19
Research By: TWC Staff