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Northington, David K.
Argemone albiflora Hornem.
Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy
USDA Symbol: ARAL3
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
The cupped, white flower is at the top of a tall, bristly stem; plant has white juice that turns yellow after it has dried.
A similar thistle-leaved species, a native of tropical America, is the Yellow Prickly Poppy (A. mexicana), which has yellow flowers. It occurs from Virginia and Tennessee to Florida and Texas and has escaped from cultivation northward.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual Habit: Herb Root Type: Tap Leaf Complexity: Simple Breeding System:
Flowers Bisexual Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul
AL , AR , CT , FL , GA , IA , IL , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , NY , OH , SC , TN , TX , WI Native Distribution:
Virginia south to Florida; west to Texas; north to Missouri. Native Habitat:
Common throughout Texas. Found in gravelly or sandy soils in disturbed areas, fields, open grassy areas. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Limestone-based. Caliche type. Sandy. Sandy Loam. Medium Loam. Clay Loam, Clay.
Conditions Comments: This well-armored plant provides pollen for bees and other insects, and the flower is delicately beautiful. After enjoying the spring bloom, it could be uprooted if desired.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Showy, Blooms ornamental
Use Wildlife: Nectar-Bees, Nectar-insects, Nectar-beetles
Warning: Seeds and other plant parts can be toxic and in some cases fatal to humans if ingested. Sensitivity to a toxin varies with a personís age, weight, physical condition, and individual susceptibility. Children are most vulnerable because of their curiosity and small size. Toxicity can vary in a plant according to season, the plantís different parts, and its stage of growth; and plants can absorb toxic substances, such as herbicides, pesticides, and pollutants from the water, air, and soil.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Deer Resistant: High
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Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0049
Collected May 4, 1990 in Bexar County by Lottie MillsapsNPSOT 0031
Collected Sept. 20, 1990 in Bexar County by Judith C. Berry
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Record Modified: 2012-08-29
Research By: NPC