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Marcus, Joseph A.
Aquilegia chrysantha var. hinckleyana
Aquilegia chrysantha A. Gray var. hinckleyana (Munz) Lott
Hinckley's golden columbine, Yellow columbine, Hinckley columbine, Capote columbine
Synonym(s): Aquilegia hinckleyana
USDA Symbol: AQCHH
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Hinckley columbine is currently considered a variety of Aquilegia chrysantha. Its diagnostic features are its petal blades, which are shorter but not narrower than in other varieties of its species at 2 cm long and 16 mm wide, and its tendency to have twice-divided leaves, fewer than the three divisions of other varieties of A. chrysantha. Its foliage is as fern-like and delicate as that of other columbines, and its canary yellow flowers are prominent and spurred. It grows to three and a half feet tall and is endemic to a single site: Capote Falls in the Sierra Vieja Mountains of Presidio County, Texas.
Aquilegia chrysantha var. hinckleyana is one of many yellow columbines popular in the nursery trade, but it is truly rare in the wild, native only to a single waterfall in far west Texas. Like other golden columbines, it is valued for its shade tolerance, attractive foliage, and clear yellow flowers. Columbines are short-lived perennials that reseed to replace mother plants where seed is allowed to mature and drop. They also hybridize freely between species and varieties, so plants sold as yellow columbine or golden columbine likely contain genetic material from varied sources.
The genus name Aquilegia comes from the Latin aquila which means eagle and refers to the spurred petals that many believe resemble an eagles talons.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen Leaf Shape: Obovate Leaf Venation: Palmate Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous Leaf Margin:
Lobed Leaf Texture:
Smooth Breeding System:
, Monoecious Leaf:
Glaucous green Flower: Sepals
17 mm wide. Petals 2 cm long petal
blades 16 mm wide.
Green to dark gray follicles, black seeds 13-18 mm follicles, 2 mm seeds Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May
DistributionUSA: TX Native Distribution:
Capote Falls in the Sierra Vieja Mountains in Presidio County in west Texas Native Habitat:
Moist places beside a waterfall
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Rich, moist, well-drained, slightly acid soils. Will grow in somewhat alkaline soil.
Conditions Comments: Popular and gorgeous spring bloomer when given preferred growing conditions of good, well-drained soil, part shade, and adequate moisture. Though they tolerate some heat, Southwestern yellow columbines become susceptible to spider mites and aphids in very hot, arid conditions.
Good for spring color in shade gardens, with semi-evergreen
foliage decorative much of the year Use Wildlife:
Attracts moths, butterflies, and bees. Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds , Butterflies Larval Host:
Columbine Duskywing Nectar Source:
Clump Division , Seeds Description:
Shallowly sow seed in late fall or divide mature plants in late summer. Clump division best done when dormant and is not as successful as seed propagation. Seed Collection:
Collect seed in late April, May. Be sure that the plants you collect seed from are isolated from other Aquilegia
species because they cross easily. Seeds may ripen and be shed before the pod
has turned brown. If seeds in greenish follicles are black, they are ready to collect. Cut the fruiting stalk and keep in a dry bag for a few days until the seeds shake free. Seed Treatment:
Sow seed in fall as soon as temperature drops and in spring before the worst heat. Will germinate in summer, but not as well and plants struggle more. Stored seed must have a moist, cold period to break dormancy. Commercially Avail:
Remove spent foliage during growing season. Keep soil moist but not wet to avoid rotting crowns. Aquilegia
species tend to hybridize when grown with other Aquilegia
species. To keep this variety pure and true to flower
color, keep other Aquilegia
species far apart to avoid cross pollination.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Aquilegia chrysantha var. hinckleyana
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Planting shade plants in 100+ weather
June 25, 2009
I was planning on planting some columbines in a barrel and Turk's Cap and Coralberry in my yard, but hadn't counted on the extreme heat this early in the summer. Is it okay to plant these things as...
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From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
- Briggs, TXFar South Wholesale Nursery
- Austin, TX
Record Last Modified: 2010-09-08
Research By: MWJ, GDG