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Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn
Aquilegia chrysantha var. chaplinei (Standl. ex Payson) Lott
Chaplin's yellow columbine, Chaplin's golden columbine, Chaplin's columbine, Chapline columbine, Guadalupe Mountain columbine
Synonyms: Aquilegia chaplinei
USDA Symbol: AQCHC
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A rare yellow-flowered columbine native to moist canyons in the Guadalupe and Sacramento Mountains of west Texas and southern New Mexico, Chaplins columbine is currently considered a variety of Aquilegia chrysantha. It shares most of the physical characteristics of its species but is distinguished by sepals no more than two centimeters long and flower spurs no more than four centimeters long. Its leaves may be either triternate or biternate but are usually triternate.
The genus name Aquilegia comes from the Latin aquila which means eagle and refers to the spurred petals that many believe resemble an eagles talons.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen Leaf Shape: Obovate Leaf Venation: Palmate Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous Leaf Margin:
Cleft Leaf Texture:
Smooth Breeding System:
, Monoecious Size Notes:
1-3 ft. tall Leaf:
Glaucous green Flower: Sepals
no more than 2 cm long Fruit:
Green to dark grey follicles, black seeds 18-22 mm follicles, 2 mm seeds Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
NM , TX Native Distribution:
The Guadalupe and Sacramento Mountains of west Texas and southern New Mexico Native Habitat:
Moist canyons, especially near seeps, streams, and waterfalls and in rich woodlands USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Moist, well-drained calcareous soil, often rocky
Conditions Comments: Requires good drainage and adequate moisture. Though they tolerate some heat, Southwestern yellow columbines become susceptible to spider mites and aphids in very hot, arid conditions. Do not plant in continuous full sun, as the plant will become stressed and the leaves will fade and curl.
PropagationPropagation Material: Clump Division , Seeds
Maintenance: Remove spent foliage during growing season. Keep soil moist but not wet to avoid rotting crowns. Aquilegia species tend to hybridize when grown with other Aquilegia species. To keep this variety pure and true to flower color, keep other Aquilegia species far apart to avoid cross pollination.
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Record Modified: 2010-09-08
Research By: TWC Staff, GDG