Aquilegia chrysantha var. chaplinei
Aquilegia chrysantha A. Gray var. chaplinei (Standl. ex Payson) Lott
Chaplin's yellow columbine, Chaplin's golden columbine, Chaplin's columbine, Chapline columbine, Guadalupe Mountain columbine
Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)
Synonym(s): Aquilegia chaplinei
USDA Symbol: AQCHC
A rare yellow-flowered columbine native to moist canyons in the Guadalupe and Sacramento Mountains of west Texas and southern New Mexico, Chaplins columbine is currently considered a variety of Aquilegia chrysantha. It shares most of the physical characteristics of its species but is distinguished by sepals no more than two centimeters long and flower spurs no more than four centimeters long. Its leaves may be either triternate or biternate but are usually triternate.
The genus name Aquilegia comes from the Latin aquila which means eagle and refers to the spurred petals that many believe resemble an eagles talons.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen
Leaf Shape: Obovate
Leaf Venation: Palmate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Cleft
Leaf Texture: Smooth
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Size Notes: 1-3 ft. tall
Leaf: Glaucous green
Flower: Sepals no more than 2 cm long
Fruit: Green to dark grey follicles, black seeds 18-22 mm follicles, 2 mm seeds
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: NM , TX
Native Distribution: The Guadalupe and Sacramento Mountains of west Texas and southern New Mexico
Native Habitat: Moist canyons, especially near seeps, streams, and waterfalls and in rich woodlands
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Moist, well-drained calcareous soil, often rocky
Conditions Comments: Requires good drainage and adequate moisture. Though they tolerate some heat, Southwestern yellow columbines become susceptible to spider mites and aphids in very hot, arid conditions. Do not plant in continuous full sun, as the plant will become stressed and the leaves will fade and curl.
PropagationPropagation Material: Clump Division , Seeds
Maintenance: Remove spent foliage during growing season. Keep soil moist but not wet to avoid rotting crowns. Aquilegia species tend to hybridize when grown with other Aquilegia species. To keep this variety pure and true to flower color, keep other Aquilegia species far apart to avoid cross pollination.
BibliographyBibref 293 - Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (1979) Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 1233 - Rare Plants of Texas: A Field Guide (2007) Poole, J. M.; Carr, W. R.; Price, D. M.; Singhurst...
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Aquilegia chrysantha var. chaplinei in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Aquilegia chrysantha var. chaplinei in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Aquilegia chrysantha var. chaplinei
MetadataRecord Modified: 2010-09-08
Research By: TWC Staff, GDG