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Annona glabra

Annona glabra L.

Pond apple

Annonaceae (Custard-Apple Family)


USDA Symbol: ANGL4

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)

A tree with a a rounded, spreading crown and a short, buttressed trunk.

The Pond Apple is a member of the annona or custard apple family (Annonaceae), which includes small to medium-sized trees and shrubs. The family has about 2,000 species in tropical and warm temperate regions, but only four native and one naturalized tree and three native shrub species occur in North America.


From the Image Gallery

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Ovate
Leaf Venation: Pinnate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Apex: Acute
Leaf Base: Cuneate
Leaf Texture: Leathery
Size Notes: Height to 50 feet.
Leaf: Bright green above, pale below.
Fruit: Dull yellow blotched with brown. 5-12 cm.
Size Class: 36-72 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun


Native Distribution: Central Florida and southward.
Native Habitat: Swamps, wet hammocks, streamsides.

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Annona glabra is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Giant sphinx
(Cocytius antaeus)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: OBL OBL
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Suppliers Directory

According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:

Sanibel-Captiva Conservation Foundation Native Plant Nursery - Sanibel, FL


Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Annona glabra in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Annona glabra in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Annona glabra


Record Modified: 2007-08-21
Research By: TWC Staff

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© 2014 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center