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Amelanchier sanguinea (Pursh) DC.
Roundleaf serviceberry, Red-twig serviceberry
USDA Symbol: AMSA
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A low, straggling or arching shrub, 3-8 ft. tall, usually with a single, slender trunk. Grows in clumps but does not form colonies. Loose, nodding spikes of white, sometimes pinkish, flowers are followed by dark-purple berries.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Purple Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May
, WV Canada: NB
, QC Native Distribution: ME
& Que. to ND,
s. to CT, MI
& SD; also mts. to NC
& TN Native Habitat:
Hillsides; upland woods; rocky slopes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Rocky, clay soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitUse Wildlife: An important browse and food plant for birds and other wildlife.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
This species can be rooted from early spring hardwood cuttings or softwood cutting taken in the summer. Sow untreated seeds in fall or cold-stratified seed in spring. Seed Collection:
Collect fruits as soon as they ripen (if you can beat the birds) and clean seeds immediately to prevent fermentation. Fertile seeds are dark brown with a leathery seed coat. Seed extraction is usually by macerating the fruit
and washing them over screens. Air dry and store in sealed, refrigerated containers for up to five years. Seed Treatment:
Cold-moist stratification for 90-120 days. Commercially Avail:
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
- Johnstown, PAMt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2012-07-02
Research By: TWC Staff