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Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir.
Fraser fir, She-balsam
Synonym(s): Pinus fraseri
USDA Symbol: ABFR
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Common in virgin spruce-fir forests at Great Smoky Mountains National Park and at Mount Mitchell, North Carolina. With its silvery and green foliage, this species is grown for Christmas trees and ornament. Known locally as She-balsam, because of the resin produced in the bark. In contrast, Red Spruce (Picea rubens) in the same forest but without resin blister is often called He-balsam. John Fraser (1750-1811), the Scottish explorer, discovered this fir and introduced it and many other plants to Europe. The only native Southeastern fir, a handsome tree with pointed crown of silvery white aromatic foliage. The natural population of this species is currently being reduced by a European insect introduced via non-native firs, the Balsam Woolly Adelgid (Adelges piceae).
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Apr
, VA Native Distribution:
Appalachian Mountains in sw. Virginia, w. North Carolina, and e. Tennessee; at 4000-6000 Native Habitat:
Coniferous forests with Red Spruce in high mountains.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FACU || FACU |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
- Warrensville, NC
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Mt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2009-11-03
Research By: TWC Staff