En EspaŅol

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?

Share

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
    
 
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions
Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.
Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.
 
rate this answer
Not Yet Rated

Saturday - July 06, 2013

From: Millington, NJ
Region: Northeast
Topic: Trees
Title: Fast-growing medium-sized tree for New Jersey
Answered by: Nan Hampton

QUESTION:

I'm looking for trees to put on a slight slope that will do well in rocky clay soil. I 'm in N.J. zone 6. The spot is full sun and would like a fast grower 50 ft high maximum. I'm replacing white pines we took down.Sandy dropped one on the roof. Thanks

ANSWER:

In our New Jersey Recommended list of commercially available native species for landscaping in the state I found the following trees that were about the size you want and all will grow in clay soils.  You should look through the New Jersey Recommended list yourself to see if you see any other trees that interest you.   You can use the NARROW YOUR SEARCH option to limit the lists to trees by picking "Tree" in the General Appearance slot.

Betula populifolia (Gray birch) is a fast grower and grows to a maximum of 50 feet.  Unfortunately, its fast growth also means it is short-lived.  Here is more information from Missouri Botanical Garden.

Carpinus caroliniana (American hornbeam) grows 35 to 50 feet high.  Here is more information from Missouri Botanical Garden which reports it as slow-growing.

Cercis canadensis (Eastern redbud) has a fast to moderate growth rate and generally grows to 15 feet, but can grow as tall as 30 feet.   It has beautiful blossoms in the spring.  Here is more information from North Carolina State University and Ohio State University.

Nyssa sylvatica (Blackgum) grows 30 to 60 feet high and will grow in clay soil but it is slow growing.  Here is more information from Missouri Botanical Garden.

Prunus virginiana (Chokecherry) grpws 20-30 feet and will grow in clay soil.  Sagebud describes its growth rate as rapid.

Asimina triloba (Pawpaw) grows 10 to 40 feet and will grow in clay soil.  Here's more information from Missouri Botanical Garden.  It has a medium growth rate according to the University of Connecticul Horticulture.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (Green ash) grows 50 to 75 feet and will grow in clay soils.  Here is more information from Missouri Botanical Garden.  It has a fast growth rate according to the University of Connecticut Horticulture.

 

From the Image Gallery


Gray birch
Betula populifolia

American hornbeam
Carpinus caroliniana

Eastern redbud
Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

Blackgum
Nyssa sylvatica

Chokecherry
Prunus virginiana

Pawpaw
Asimina triloba

Green ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica

More Trees Questions

Privacy Screen Tree for Patio in NC
April 15, 2013 - What is a good tree to plant in front of a brick wall/fence to provide privacy and not compromise the structural integrity of the wall? The brick fence is my neighbors but I need privacy as they can s...
view the full question and answer

Further explanation of retaining walls and trees from Washington MO
March 11, 2013 - I had a question previously about putting retaining walls across the root system of a 40' tall bald cypress tree(not like spokes on a wheel, but concentric to tree trunk). How wide can the walls be? ...
view the full question and answer

Are there male and female mesquite trees and do both have seeds?
September 22, 2010 - Do both male and female mesquite trees (all species) have seed pods?
view the full question and answer

Variegated leaves on Ungnadia speciosa (Mexican buckeye)
April 11, 2007 - I grew some mexican buckeyes from seed last year and one of them has variegated leaves. I haven't seen this before- have I just not looked at enough mexican buckeyes up close or is this an uncommon f...
view the full question and answer

Transplanting non-native crape myrtle in Scottsdale AZ
May 11, 2014 - When is the best time to transplant dwarf crape myrtle in Scottsdale AZ?
view the full question and answer

Smarty Plants's Facebook profile Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.

Mr. Smarty Plants wants you to be his Facebook friend. Click the Facebook icon to add yourself to Mr. Smarty Plants list of friends.
E-NEWSLETTER | BECOME A MEMBER | DONATE NOW | MEDIA | SITEMAP
© 2014 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center