En EspaŅol

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?


Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions
Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.
Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.
rate this answer
Not Yet Rated

Tuesday - June 11, 2013

From: Waynesville, NC
Region: Southeast
Topic: General Botany
Title: Do the male or female dogwoods have berries?
Answered by: Nan Hampton


Does the male or female dogwood have berries?


North American dogwoods, Cornus species, are all hermaphroditic with both male (stamens and anthers) and female (stigma, style and ovary) flower parts.  The female parts (ovaries) produce the berries but since all the Cornus species in North America are hermaphroditic, they will all have berries.  According to the Flora of China all members of the Family Cornaceae are hermaphroditic with the exception of the African species that are dioecious (separate trees for male flowers and female flowers).  In the case of the African species those with the female flowers will produce the fruit—the berries.

You can see the Cornus species that occur in North America on the USDA Plants Database.   Those shown in maps with blue states are the North American species.  The ones shown in dark gray on the maps are naturalized non-natives.  You can read about and see photos of most of those Cornus species in our Native Plant Database.


From the Image Gallery

Bunchberry dogwood
Cornus canadensis

Flowering dogwood
Cornus florida

Roughleaf dogwood
Cornus drummondii

Redosier dogwood
Cornus sericea ssp. sericea

More General Botany Questions

Information about glucose concentration in plants for Science Fair project
October 24, 2007 - I am a high school student enrolling in science fair. MY topic is as follows, "Can a plant be removed from the sun and put in dark and still survive if I directly inject glucose into the stem/roots (...
view the full question and answer

Native plants as accumulators of heavy metals in Texas
March 29, 2008 - I would like to know of any native plants that could be used as hyperaccumulaters of heavy metals in Texas.
view the full question and answer

Does Nolina lindheimeriana have separate male and female plants
June 30, 2013 - RE: NOLINA LINDHEIMERIANA You show several pictures, with flowers & with seed pods. I have one plant that has only flowers and one that has only seed pods. Are they male and female? I don't see ...
view the full question and answer

Definition of what constitutes a native plant
January 23, 2007 - Hello, I am doing research concerning "native plants" for the Northeast. I am "befuddled" as I am finding conflicting definitions for what constitutes a native plant. Do you have a good definiti...
view the full question and answer

Native North American bulbs
August 19, 2011 - I saw your list of 4 lilies native to the Northeastern United States, which was very helpful. What other bulbs are native to North America? Although I garden in Connecticut, I am interested in learn...
view the full question and answer

Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.
© 2015 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center