En EspaŅol

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?

Share

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
    
 
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions
Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.
Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.
 
rate this answer
2 ratings

Friday - September 19, 2008

From: Foristell, MO
Region: Midwest
Topic: Trees
Title: Sappy dew killing plants under oaks in Missouri
Answered by: Barbara Medford

QUESTION:

There is a sappy dew killing my perennials.I have several large oaks in my yard. I had different kinds of shade perennials around each base of the trees. But as years have gone by, the different varieties of perennials would eventually die out; as well as any grass under the tree out to the drip line. I was told that the oak trees produce a sappy dew to kill anything under the tree that would threaten the tree's nutrients. Is this true? What can I do to get my beautiful perennials and grass back under the trees?

ANSWER:

There are five oaks that are native to Missouri, and we are assuming your oaks are one of these: Quercus alba (white oak), Quercus bicolor (swamp white oak), Quercus macrocarpa (bur oak), Quercus palustris (pin oak) and Quercus rubra (northern red oak). While the acorns and young leaves of oaks are usually mildly toxic, none of these were indicated to be very allelopathic. Allelopathy involves a plant's secretion of biochemical materials into the environment to inhibit germination or growth of surrounding vegetation. Allelopathy enhances tree survival and reproduction. In other words, the plant is protecting itself, its nutrition and water sources, as well as its space, by inhibiting other plants in competition with it. 

We are inclined to believe that the failure of your grasses and perennials are more to be attributed to the shade of the oak, and the fibrous root system. Roots of oaks will often extend far beyond the drip line of the tree itself, and the majority of tree roots are in the upper 6 to 12 inches of the surface of the soil. Also, leaves of deciduous trees can accumulate and smother emerging plants, or promote mold and fungus diseases. Most grasses have difficulty in surviving in that environment, as well as flowering plants; the biggest disadvantage being the amount of shade cast by the mature oak. Basically, you will have to make a choice - big oaks providing shade for the property or flowering perennials? There are shade plants that can be planted under an oak, mostly low groundcovers, but even they have trouble competing.

So, back to the sappy residue you are experiencing in your yard. This sounds a whole lot like aphids, which generate a substance called honeydew, that will drip on lawns, houses, cars and people. It also can cause a sooty mold on the leaves and be very unattractive. This Colorado State University Extension article on Aphids on Shade Trees and Ornamentals will give you some information. They usually are not harmful, and you should avoid pesticides, which are more likely to kill the predators of the aphid than the aphids, themselves. 

 

More Trees Questions

Need to know how to plant trees to create a windbreak in Ashburn, VA.
May 06, 2010 - I want to know how to plant trees to create windbreaks. I live on a slope of a hill, the front of the house is steep and the back of the house has neighbors in a cul de sac. I swear I live in a wind...
view the full question and answer

Growth on trunk of Eastern Redbud
November 14, 2007 - My seven yr. old Eastern Redbud has a large patch (12x4inches) of white grey, shell or mushroom-like growth on the trunk. The bark has a wide split so the growth is on the layer of wood inside the sp...
view the full question and answer

Root suckers growing from base of oak in California
November 24, 2008 - I planted four trees labeled by the nursery when purchased as "Louisiana Oaks" approximately 20 yrs ago in my front yard. All trees are growing well but one of the four has a progressing mass of ro...
view the full question and answer

Thorny shrub for deterring break-ins in southeast Texas
February 05, 2013 - Looking for a very, very, thorny three or four foot tall shrub for in front of windows to deter break-ins. Considering Rosa Rugosa rose but it is not native.
view the full question and answer

Small, slow-growing native tree for Houston
October 05, 2008 - Can you please recommend a pretty, small, slow growing tree for my bed centerpiece? It gets some sun/partial shade in front of my Houston area north facing home and must survive heat and some drought...
view the full question and answer

Smarty Plants's Facebook profile Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.

Mr. Smarty Plants wants you to be his Facebook friend. Click the Facebook icon to add yourself to Mr. Smarty Plants list of friends.
E-NEWSLETTER | BECOME A MEMBER | DONATE NOW | MEDIA | SITEMAP | STAFF
© 2015 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center