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Vaccinium uliginosum (Alpine blueberry)
Weyand, Phyllis

Vaccinium uliginosum

Vaccinium uliginosum L.

Alpine Blueberry, Bog Blueberry

Ericaceae (Heath Family)

Synonym(s): Vaccinium occidentale, Vaccinium uliginosum ssp. alpinum, Vaccinium uliginosum ssp. gaultherioides, Vaccinium uliginosum ssp. microphyllum, Vaccinium uliginosum ssp. occidentale, Vaccinium uliginosum ssp. pedris, Vaccinium uliginosum ssp. pubescens, Vaccinium uliginosum var. alpinum, Vaccinium uliginosum var. occidentale, Vaccinium uliginosum var. salicinum

USDA Symbol: vaul

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)

An 8-20 in., much-branched blueberry bush with firm, oval leaves. Pink, bell-shaped flowers occur 1-4 per axil. Berries are dark blue and glaucous.


From the Image Gallery

4 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf: Dark Green
Fruit: Purple
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul


USA: AK , CA , ID , ME , MI , MN , MT , NH , NV , NY , OR , UT , VT , WA , WY
Canada: AB , BC , MB , NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC , SK
Native Distribution: Circumpolar, s. in the U.S. to n. New England, extreme n.e. MN, & Humbolt Co., CA
Native Habitat: Heath & bogs

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Soil Description: Wet, acid soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available


Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Larval Host: Heath Sulphur (Colias chippewa), Polaris Fritillary (Boloria polaris)

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Heath Sulphur
(Colias chippewa)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA
Polaris Fritillary
(Boloria polaris)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA


Description: Vaccinium species are propagated by seeds, cuttings and rooted suckers of offshoots.
Seed Treatment: Dormancy varies. Cold-moist stratification may be necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes

Find Seed or Plants

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.


Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Vaccinium uliginosum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Vaccinium uliginosum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Vaccinium uliginosum


Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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