Vauquelinia californica (Torr.) Sarg.
Arizona Rosewood, Arizona-rosewood
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
USDA Symbol: vaca5
Arizona-rosewood is a large, evergreen shrub or small tree to 10 ft., or more. Leathery, yellow-green foliage provides a backdrop for the flat-topped clusters of white, five-petaled flowers. Evergreen, much-branched shrub or small tree with stiff, twisted branches.
The beautiful, dark brown wood streaked with red is hard and very heavy; however, the tree's scarcity, small size, and slow growth have limited commercial use. This genus is dedicated to Louis Nicholas Vauquelin (1763-1827), a French chemist. Despite its Latin species name, which was given before boundaries were definite, it is not native to California.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 25 feet tall, often shorter.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
DistributionUSA: AZ , NM
Native Distribution: AZ & n. Mex.
Native Habitat: Canyons and mountains; 2500 to 5000 ft.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Sometime found, in nature, on limestone; often found among live oaks.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Vauquelinia californica in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Vauquelinia californica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Vauquelinia californica
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-05-11
Research By: TWC Staff