Taxodium ascendens Brongn.
Cupressaceae (Cypress Family)
Synonym(s): Taxodium distichum var. imbricarium
USDA Symbol: taas
This deciduous, 70-90 ft. conifer is narrowly conical or columnar with spreading branches and upright branchlets. The awl-shaped foliage is bright-green changing to a rich orange-brown in fall. The bark is light-brown and deeply furrowed.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Cone
Size Notes: Up to about 90 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Brown
Bloom Time: Jan , Dec
DistributionUSA: AL , DE , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC , VA
Native Distribution: Southeastern North America, from s.e. VA or MD to FL & west to s.e. LA, possibly n. in river valley to KY
Native Habitat: Upland areas around ponds
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist, acid soils.
Conditions Comments: Extremely wind firm. No serious disease or insect problems. A gall which so commonly effects T. distichum is less evident on T. ascendens. "Knees" do not form to the degree they do on T. distichum. Adapts to drier soils.
PropagationDescription: May be propagated by seed. Success with rooting cuttings is variable.
Seed Treatment: 90 days cold stratification overcomes internal dormancy.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Taxodium ascendens in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Taxodium ascendens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Taxodium ascendens
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-03-23
Research By: TWC Staff