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Scaevola plumieri (Gullfeed)
Sweeney, Collene

Scaevola plumieri

Scaevola plumieri (L.) Vahl

Gullfeed, Inkberry

Goodeniaceae (Goodenia Family)


USDA Symbol: scpl

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)

This stout, succulent shrub ranges from 1-5 ft. in height. The succulent stems are sometimes trailing, forming dense clumps. Glossy, dark-green leaves are thick and fleshy appearing mostly in rosettes at branch tips. White flowers, borne in small clusters among the leaves, are followed by smooth, black fruit.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Size Class: 3-6 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec


Native Distribution: S. FL coast; also the coasts of Bermuda, West Indies, Yucatan & Baja CA
Native Habitat: Sandy beaches; coastal dunes

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Sandy soil.
Conditions Comments: A hardy seaside plant. The Scaevola species commonly used by the landscape industry is Scaevola frutescens. It is native to Australia and differs from the native variety in that it is larger and has lighter green leaves.


Description: Can be grown from seed which germinates in about six weeks. Trailing stems, which have rooted in the sand, can be detaching and transplanted.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.


Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.

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Additional resources

USDA: Find Scaevola plumieri in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Scaevola plumieri in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Scaevola plumieri


Record Modified: 2013-08-18
Research By: TWC Staff

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