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Salix caroliniana (Coastal plain willow)
Flaigg, Norman G.

Salix caroliniana

Salix caroliniana Michx.

Coastal Plain Willow

Salicaceae (Willow Family)

Synonym(s): Salix amphibia, Salix harbisonii, Salix longipes, Salix longipes var. pubescens, Salix longipes var. venulosa, Salix longipes var. wardii, Salix nigra var. longipes, Salix nigra var. wardii, Salix occidentalis, Salix occidentalis var. longipes, Salix pitcheriana, Salix wardii

USDA Symbol: saca5

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Shrub or small tree with spreading or slightly drooping branches.

This is the common small tree willow found at low altitudes in the southeastern United States.


From the Image Gallery

4 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 30 feet tell.
Leaf: Green

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Dec


USA: AL , AR , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , NE , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV
Native Distribution: S. Pennsylvania south to S. Florida, west to central Texas, and north to SE. Nebraska; to 2000' (610 m).
Native Habitat: Wet soils of stream banks and swamps.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

Find Seed or Plants

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.


Bibref 297 - Trees of Central Texas (1984) Vines, Robert A.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Salix caroliniana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Salix caroliniana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Salix caroliniana


Record Modified: 2023-05-16
Research By: TWC Staff

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