Rubus hispidus L.
Bristly Dewberry, Swamp Dewberry
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
Synonym(s): Rubus hispidus var. cupulifer, Rubus hispidus var. obovalis, Rubus sempervirens
USDA Symbol: ruhi
Trailing, woody stems bearing weak, backward-curving bristles, erect branches, usually 3-parted, shiny leaves, and white flowers in loose, terminal clusters or in leaf axils.
A great many species of dewberry occur, some with bristles and some with stronger prickles. These plants and the related blackberries and raspberries (both in Rubus) are among the most important summer foods for songbirds and game birds as well as for many mammals.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Fruit Type: Aggregate , Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 8 inches tall.
Fruit: Black or red aggregated drupelets.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: CT , DC , DE , IA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NS , ON , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Ontario east to Nova Scotia, south to South Carolina, west to Tennessee, and north to Iowa and Wisconsin.
Native Habitat: Usually moist thickets, open woods, and clearings.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
BenefitWarning: Plant has thorns or prickles.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
Provides Nesting Materials/Structure for Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
National Wetland Indicator Status
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Rubus hispidus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Rubus hispidus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rubus hispidus
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-05-11
Research By: TWC Staff