Rosa virginiana Mill.
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
USDA Symbol: rovi2
Numerous species of roses occur in a variety sites, from dry uplands to wetlands and sand dunes. Their fruit, the rose hips, is rich in vitamin C, and can be eaten, made into jams, or steeped to make rose hips tea. Another pink species, this one of wet sites, is Swamp Rose (R. palustris), which grows to 7' (2.1 m), has flowers 1 1/2-2 1/2 (3.8-6.3 cm) wide, very narrow stipules, and stout, hooked thorns. Pasture Rose (R. carolina) is a shorter shrub, not more than 3' (90 cm) tall, with pink flowers, dull green leaves, very narrow stipules, and straight thorns. It is found in dry pastures and open woods throughout most of eastern North America.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Up to about 10 feet tall, often shorter.
Fruit: Red hip (mature floral tube) surrounding achenes.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Yellow , Purple
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AL , CT , DC , DE , GA , IL , MA , MD , ME , MO , NC , NH , NJ , NY , PA , RI , TN , VA , VT
Canada: NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Southern Ontario to Newfoundland and Nova Scotia; south to Virginia and North Carolina; west to Alabama, Tennessee, and Missouri.
Native Habitat: Clearings, thickets, and shores.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
BenefitUse Food: The fruit, known as hips, contains Vitamin C and can be used to make tea and jelly. (Clough)
Warning: Plant has thorns or prickles.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
Provides Nesting Materials/Structure for Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Rosa virginiana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Rosa virginiana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rosa virginiana
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-05-11
Research By: TWC Staff