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Quercus gravesii

Quercus gravesii Sudw.

Chisos Red Oak, Graves Oak, Mountain Red Oak, Rock Oak

Fagaceae (Beech Family)


USDA Symbol: qugr2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Graves oak is a medium-sized tree to 40 ft. Its bark is dark and furrowed. Glossy, dark-green leaves are deciduous with deep, rounded lobes. The foliage turns scarlet red in fall. Acorns are biennial.


From the Image Gallery

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Venation: Pinnate
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Inflorescence: Catkin
Fruit Type: Nut
Size Notes: Up to about 40 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May


Native Distribution: Mts. of Trans-Pecos, TX & n. Mex.
Native Habitat: Mountain canyons; arroyos

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Igneous, Rocky, Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay


Use Ornamental: Fall conspicuous
Use Wildlife: Leaves browsed by deer. Acorns eaten by turkeys, quail & ground squirrels. Browse, Fruit-mammals, Fruit-birds, Nesting site, Substrate-insectivorous birds, Cover
Interesting Foliage: yes

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX


Bibref 766 - Dale Groom's Texas Gardening Guide (2002) Groom, D.
Bibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.
Bibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 308 - Lone Star Field Guide to Wildflowers, Trees, and Shrubs of Texas, Revised Edition (2003) Tull, D. & G.O. Miller
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Quercus gravesii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Quercus gravesii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Quercus gravesii


Record Modified: 2022-09-23
Research By: TWC Staff

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