Prunus umbellata Elliott
Flatwoods Plum, Hog Plum, Black Sloe
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
USDA Symbol: prum
Small tree with short trunk and broad, compact, flattened crown of slender branches; sometimes a thicket-forming shrub.
The wild plums of this species are gathered for making jellies and jams. The scientific name describes the flower clusters, known as umbels, that are rounded, with equal stalks like an umbrella.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 20 feet tall.
Flower: Flower 1 inch.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May
Bloom Notes: White, sometimes fading to pink.
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC , TN , TX
Native Distribution: S. North Carolina south to central Florida, west to S. Arkansas and E. Texas; to 1000' (305 m).
Native Habitat: Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannas
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Acid-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam
BenefitUse Ornamental: Blooms ornamental, Wildflower meadow, Accent tree or shrub
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
BibliographyBibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Prunus umbellata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Prunus umbellata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Prunus umbellata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-10
Research By: TWC Staff