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Maianthemum trifolium (Three-leaf false lily of the valley)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia

Maianthemum trifolium

Maianthemum trifolium (L.) Sloboda

Three-leaf False Lily Of The Valley, Three-leaved False Lily Of The Valley, Three-leaf Solomon's Seal, Three-leaved Solomon's Seal

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Synonym(s): Convallaria trifolia, Smilacina trifolia, Tovaria trifolia, Vagnera trifolia

USDA Symbol: matr4

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)

Maianthemum trifolium usually has 3 elliptic leaves which taper at the base and white floral parts in a 6-pointed, star-like pattern. It is found in wet, boggy, or mossy areas from New Jersey west to Minnesota and north into southeastern Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island).


From the Image Gallery

3 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun


USA: CT , MA , ME , MI , MN , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , VT , WI
Canada: NB , NS , PE

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Maianthemum trifolium in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Maianthemum trifolium in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Maianthemum trifolium


Record Modified: 2016-02-08
Research By: TWC Staff

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