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Manfreda maculosa (False aloe)
Waitt, Damon E.

Manfreda maculosa

Manfreda maculosa (Hook.) Rose

False Aloe, Spice Lily, Spice-lily

Agavaceae (Century-Plant Family)

Synonym(s): Agave maculata, Agave maculosa, Agave maculosa var. minor, Polianthes maculosa

USDA Symbol: mama7

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


From the Image Gallery

14 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Lanceolate
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Serrulate
Leaf Apex: Acuminate
Leaf Base: Cuneate
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: 5-8 inches tall.
Leaf: green blotched w/grn or brown
Flower: Flowers 2.6 cm long
Fruit: Black seeds 1.1

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul


Native Habitat: Thickets in sandy-clayey soils in south central Texas; endemic.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Conditions Comments: Fleshy leaves usually have irregular maroon spots. The flowers are arranged in clusters at the top of tall stalks. They open creamy white, often with a hint of pink, and age to a deep rose, nearly brown, color. Very fragrant. This plant is propagated by seed or by removal of offsets. It needs to be grown in well draining soil and does best with regular summer water and light shade, especially during the hottest part of the day.


Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Larval Host: Manfreda Giant-Skipper
Nectar Source: yes

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Manfreda Giant-Skipper
(Stallingsia maculosus)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX


Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Manfreda maculosa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Manfreda maculosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Manfreda maculosa


Record Modified: 2007-10-12
Research By: DEW, JSC, ADA

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