Lespedeza capitata Michx.
Roundhead Lespedeza, Roundhead Bush-clover, Round-headed Lespedeza, Round-headed Bush-clover
Fabaceae (Pea Family)
Synonym(s): Lespedeza bicknellii, Lespedeza capitata var. stenophylla, Lespedeza capitata var. velutina, Lespedeza capitata var. vulgaris
USDA Symbol: leca8
The stems of round-head bush-clover stand 2-4 ft. tall and, along with the trifoliate leaves, are covered with fine hairs. Clover-like flowers are greenish-white and held in clusters along the upper part of the stem. Stems remain erect through the winter when the seedheads have turned dark brown. This is a perennial.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Trifoliate
Fruit Type: Legume
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , ON
Native Distribution: ME to c. MN & s.e. SD, s. to FL & e. TX
Native Habitat: Upland prairies; sand dunes; dry, open woods; roadsides
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Well-drained soils.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Seeds provide food for birds and other wildlife.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Fragrant Foliage: yes
PropagationDescription: Easily propagated from scarified seed. Sow unstratified seed in fall; stratified in spring.
Seed Collection: Collect from Oct. to Nov.
Seed Treatment: Scarification and moist stratification for 10 days.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Lespedeza capitata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lespedeza capitata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lespedeza capitata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-12-16
Research By: TWC Staff