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Hypoxis hirsuta (L.) Coville
Common Goldstar, Yellow Star-grass, Eastern Yellow Star-grass
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
Synonym(s): Hypoxis decumbens, Ornithogalum hirsutum
USDA Symbol: hyhi2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A low, tufted, grass-like perennial, eastern yellow star-grass grows 3-10 in. tall from a hard, hairy corm. The hairy, grass-like leaves originate from the base of the plant. Slender, thread-like flowering stems may be erect or reclining. They carry 3/4 in., star-shaped, yellow flowers below the top of the leaves.
This small plant can easily be confused with a grass unless its distinctive flower is seen.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 10 inches tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Native Distribution: S. ME to FL, w. to Man., e. CO & e. TX
Native Habitat: Open woods; dry to damp prairies & meadows
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Rich, acid loam.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Attracts bees and butterflies.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Easily propagated by division while the plant is dormant in spring or fall. Separate the corms that form around the parent plant. Seeds should be sown in fall, barely covered with soil.
Seed Collection: The tiny black seeds are elusive and difficult to collect.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Plant Center at Westchester Community College, The - Valhalla, NY
Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Hypoxis hirsuta in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Hypoxis hirsuta in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hypoxis hirsuta
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-14
Research By: TWC Staff