Geranium carolinianum L.
Carolina Geranium, Wild Geranium, Carolina Cranesbill
Geraniaceae (Geranium Family)
USDA Symbol: geca5
Carolina cranesbill is a much-branched and sprawling, pubescent annual or biennial, usually no taller than 1 ft. Leaves are palmately five-parted, these divisions being cleft or lobed again. Five-petaled, pale pink or white flowers occur in loose terminal clusters.
Cranesbill is a member of the geranium family (family Geraniaceae). Geraniums are leafy herbs with showy white, pink, or purple flowers in clusters. There are about 11 genera and nearly 800 species, with many occurring frequently in the north temperate zone.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual
Fruit Type: Schizocarp
Size Notes: May be up to about 2 feet tall. Usually no more than 1 foot tall.
Fruit: Shaped like an upraised crane's bill.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , BC , ON , SK
Native Distribution: Scattered from New England to WI & B.C., s. across the US to FL & then south to central Mex.
Native Habitat: Dry, hard fields; rocky woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Gravelly to clay soils.
Conditions Comments: Can become weedy.
PropagationDescription: Propagate by seed.
Seed Treatment: Seed does not require pretreatment.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0748 Collected Apr 3, 1994 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
NPSOT 0697 Collected Mar 11, 1994 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
BibliographyBibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 75 - Southwest Desert Flora (2020) Southwest Desert Flora
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Geranium carolinianum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Geranium carolinianum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Geranium carolinianum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-01-24
Research By: TWC Staff