Fothergilla gardenii L.
Dwarf Witchalder, Dwarf Witch-alder, Dwarf Fothergilla
Hamamelidaceae (Witch-Hazel Family)
Synonym(s): Fothergilla parvifolia
USDA Symbol: foga
Small, mound-shaped shrub to 3 ft. tall with picturesquely crooked, multiple stems. The flower, appearing as a mass of stamens, is white and occurs before the leaves in thimble-like terminal spikes. Dense, dark green, leathery foliage becomes bright yellow to scarlet-red in fall.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May
DistributionUSA: AL , FL , GA , NC , SC
Native Distribution: Coastal plain from NC to MS & TN
Native Habitat: Sunny, higher ground in swamps & adjacent moist, grassy areas
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Soil Description: Well-drained, acid, peaty or sandy loams.
Conditions Comments: Very disease and insect resistant. Fits well in a woodland garden of azaleas and rhododendrons. Always avoid very dry sites. To get the best floral and fall foliage display, give fothergillas as much sunshine as possible. This species will tolerate, but not thrive in slightly basic soils. It is best grown in acidic conditions.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Low.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Semi-hardwood cuttings root with or without hormone. Rooted cuttings should not be moved until new vegetative growth is over an inch long or normal winter dormancy is completed. Sucker can be separated to increase the plant. Progagation by seed is tric
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Seed requires at least a six month warm-moist period, followed by a three month period of cold stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Shrub for part shade for hedge in Holly Ridge NC
April 07, 2010
We live in Coastal NC. We would like a type of shrub for the front of our home which is partial shade, similar style to a boxwood or trainable hedge. What NC native would compare?
view the full question and answer
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Plant Center at Westchester Community College, The - Valhalla, NY
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Georgia Native Plant Society - Atlanta, GA
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Fothergilla gardenii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Fothergilla gardenii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Fothergilla gardenii
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-03-17
Research By: TWC Staff