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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Eleocharis parvula

Eleocharis parvula (Roem. & Schult.) Link ex Bluff, Nees & Schauer

Dwarf Spikerush

Cyperaceae (Sedge Family)

Synonym(s): Chaetocyperus membranacea, Eleocharis coloradoensis, Eleocharis leptos, Eleocharis leptos var. coloradoensis, Eleocharis leptos var. johnstonii, Eleocharis membranacea, Eleocharis parvula var. anachaeta, Eleocharis parvula var. coloradoensis, Scirpus nanus, Scirpus nanus var. anachaetus

USDA Symbol: elpa5

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Root Type: Fibrous , Tuberous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Mat-forming, up to about 4 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Jan , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Perianth absent. Bloom time denotes fruiting period for Eleocharis spp.


USA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DE , FL , GA , IA , ID , IL , KS , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , WA , WI , WY
Canada: NB , NS , PE

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
CaCO3 Tolerance: None

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Eleocharis parvula in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Eleocharis parvula in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Eleocharis parvula


Record Modified: 2023-02-08
Research By: TWC Staff

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