Elymus hystrix var. hystrix
Elymus hystrix L. var. hystrix
Eastern Bottlebrush Grass, Bottle-brush Grass
Poaceae (Grass Family)
Synonym(s): Hystrix hystrix, Hystrix patula
USDA Symbol: elhyh
The light-green, upright flower clusters are this perennial grass’ most interesting feature. They are 2-4 in. wide and 6-8 in. long; the bristle-tipped seeds giving the effect of a bottle brush. Bottle-brush grass grows to 3 ft. tall. Wide, wavy-margined leaves are held horizontally from the stalk.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , QC
Native Distribution: S.w. ME to e. ND, s. to GA, TN, n. AR & e. KS
Native Habitat: Rich or rocky, open woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry to mesic soils.
Conditions Comments: Bottlebrush grass is somewhat lax-stemmed and is better suited to informal areas. It is one of the few true grasses that prefer shade.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Birds, Butterflies
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Propagate by seed or division.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
North American Native Plant Society - Etobicoke, ON
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Elymus hystrix var. hystrix in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Elymus hystrix var. hystrix in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Elymus hystrix var. hystrix
MetadataRecord Modified: 2009-06-14
Research By: TWC Staff