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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Diplacus longiflorus (Southern bush monkeyflower)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia

Diplacus longiflorus

Diplacus longiflorus Nutt.

Southern Bush Monkeyflower

Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)

Synonym(s): Diplacus arachnoideus, Mimulus glutinosus var. brachypus, Mimulus longiflorus

USDA Symbol: dilo6

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A much-branched, woody sub-shrub, usually 1-3 ft. tall and wide. The light-green lance-shaped leaves curl and become sticky on hot days. Tubular flowers are borne in profusion with the usual monkey face appearance. Flower color ranges from apricot to buff to almost white.

Varieties of this species are available with red, yellow, and other flower colors. The typical species is more cold-, drought-, and heat-tolerant than garden varieties.


From the Image Gallery

2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 6 feet tall, often shorter.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Orange , Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul


Native Distribution: C. & s. CA
Native Habitat: Dry, coast and intermountain slopes to 5000 ft.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry, rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Plants will need reshaping as old growth becomes leggy and brittle. Var. rutilus, with deep, velvety red flowers, and ssp. calycinus, with lemon-yellow flowers, are other commercially available California native. The typical species is more cold-, drought-, and heat tolerant.


Description: Easily started by tip cuttings or seed.
Seed Treatment: No pretreatment is necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes

Find Seed or Plants

Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR


Bibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Diplacus longiflorus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Diplacus longiflorus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Diplacus longiflorus


Record Modified: 2023-02-06
Research By: TWC Staff

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