Cylindropuntia imbricata (Haw.) F.M. Knuth
Tree Cholla, Walking Stick Cholla, Cholla
Cactaceae (Cactus Family)
USDA Symbol: cyim2
Cylindropuntia imbricata, Tree Cholla, is found in a wide range of environments, from the hot deserts of west Texas to the Colorado mountains above 6,000 feet. It has stout, quite thick branches, bearing fairly short white or light brown spines, 10 to 30 per areole (occasionally fewer), that allow the green stem color (purplish in times of cold weather) to be clearly visible, and the plant reaches heights of 8 feet, with most stems quite high above the ground, supported by a strong central trunk.
The attractive violet flowers are followed by knobbly orange fruits that stay attached to the plant for many months. Spines grow from elongated tubercles, which help differentiate the plant from similar species in its range, principally the cane cholla.
Description provided courtesy of The American Southwest.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Usually up to about 8 feet tall. Sometimes up to about 15 feet tall.
Flower: Pink, violet.
Fruit: Orange fruits stay attached to the plant for many months.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AZ , CO , KS , NM , OK , TX
Native Distribution: South Colorado, all across New Mexico, west Texas, far southeast Arizona, west Oklahoma, west Kansas.
Native Habitat: Varied; grassland, scrubland, woodland, hillsides.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
BibliographyBibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 15 - The American Southwest (1994) John Crossley
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Cylindropuntia imbricata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Cylindropuntia imbricata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cylindropuntia imbricata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-03-14