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Crataegus spathulata (Littlehip hawthorn)
Smith, R.W.

Crataegus spathulata

Crataegus spathulata Michx.

Littlehip Hawthorn, Pasture Hawthorn, Smallfruit Hawthorn

Rosaceae (Rose Family)


USDA Symbol: crsp

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

The slender branches are usually thorny.


From the Image Gallery

5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Shape: Obovate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Crenate , Serrate
Fruit Type: Pome
Size Notes: Up to about 20 feet tall.
Leaf: Dark green
Flower: Stamens 20
Fruit: Bright red

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Flowers in corymbs (flat topped clusters), without hairs, numerous, small (1 cm. wide). Anthers pale yellow.


USA: AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , KY , LA , MO , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA
Native Habitat: Sandy or sandy clay woods, fencerows and pastures


Use Wildlife: Several species of birds eat the fruit.
Attracts: Birds
Deer Resistant: No

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-1225 Collected 2008-11-09 in Montgomery County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank


Bibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.
Bibref 293 - Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (1979) Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Crataegus spathulata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Crataegus spathulata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Crataegus spathulata


Record Modified: 2023-01-11
Research By: TWC Staff

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