Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
Spring Coral-root, Spring Coral Root, Early Southern Coral-root, Wister's Coral-root, Yellow Coral-root, Arousing Coral-root, Spring Coralroot
Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)
Synonym(s): Corallorrhiza wisteriana
USDA Symbol: cowi5
The orchids of genus Corallorhiza have no chlorophyll and are mycoheterotrophic; that is, they utilize fungi to parasitize the roots of other plants. The stem is 15-20+ inches tall, and the flowers are scattered along the top third. Flowers have 3 sepals and 3 petals, much alike; the lip is white, heavily spotted with purplish-brown, and curved sharply downward (248).
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 20 inches tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow , Green , Purple , Brown
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , AZ , CO , DC , DE , FL , GA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , MT , NC , NE , NJ , NM , OH , OK , OR , PA , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , WV , WY
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Weird-looking rootless plant, perhaps a fungus
August 23, 2008
While out it my backyard (i.e. the Black Hills of South Dakota), I spotted a weird-looking rootless plant (I think it may be a fungus) growing beneath the Ponderosa Pines. It was the only one in the a...
view the full question and answer
National Wetland Indicator Status
BibliographyBibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Corallorhiza wisteriana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Corallorhiza wisteriana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Corallorhiza wisteriana
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-04-24
Research By: TWC Staff