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Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W.P.C. Barton
Pyrolaceae (Shinleaf Family)
USDA Symbol: chum
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
Pipsissewa was a member of the Wintergreen family (family Pyrolaceae), which consists of perennial herbs, with or without leaves, with flowers often dish-shaped, borne singly, in racemes, or in branched clusters.
Many authorities show this genus to now belong in the Ericaceae family.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Rhizomatous stems up to about 18 inches long. Flowering stems up to about 4 inches tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AK , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MT , NC , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , SD , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , BC , MB , NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC , SK , YT
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Sandy
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
Web ReferenceWebref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Chimaphila umbellata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Chimaphila umbellata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chimaphila umbellata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-05-03
Research By: TWC Staff