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Chimaphila umbellata (Pipsissewa)
Brundage, Stephanie

Chimaphila umbellata

Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W.P.C. Barton


Pyrolaceae (Shinleaf Family)


USDA Symbol: chum

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)

Pipsissewa was a member of the Wintergreen family (family Pyrolaceae), which consists of perennial herbs, with or without leaves, with flowers often dish-shaped, borne singly, in racemes, or in branched clusters.

Many authorities show this genus to now belong in the Ericaceae family.


From the Image Gallery

24 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Rhizomatous stems up to about 18 inches long. Flowering stems up to about 4 inches tall.
Leaf: Green

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug


USA: AK , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MT , NC , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , SD , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , BC , MB , NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC , SK , YT

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Sandy


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Find Seed or Plants

Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Chimaphila umbellata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Chimaphila umbellata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chimaphila umbellata


Record Modified: 2023-05-03
Research By: TWC Staff

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