Asclepias texana A. Heller
Texas Milkweed, White Milkweed
Asclepiadaceae (Milkweed Family)
USDA Symbol: aste
"Stems erect, to ca. 50 cm tall, with inconspicuous pubescence in lines; leaf blades lanceolate to broadly ovate, 20-70 cm long, to 35 mm wide; inflorescences solitary at the uppermost nodes; flowers showy; corolla lobes white, ca. 3 mm long; gynostegium white; hoods with horns; follicles erect, 9-12 cm long; seeds ca. 8 mm long, with a white coma to ca. 20 mm long." (Bibref 281)
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Margin: Entire
Fruit Type: Follicle
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
Native Habitat: Woodlands' edge, Opening, Ditches, Ravines, Depressions, Stream, river banks
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Gravelly
BenefitUse Ornamental: Blooms ornamental
Use Wildlife: Nectar-butterflies
Warning: All plants in the genus Asclepias are probably somewhat toxic, some fatally so, to both humans and animals. The sap of some causes skin irritation in humans. Sensitivity to a toxin varies with a personís age, weight, physical condition, and individual susceptibility. Children are most vulnerable because of their curiosity and small size. Toxicity can vary in a plant according to season, the plantís different parts, and its stage of growth; and plants can absorb toxic substances, such as herbicides, pesticides, and pollutants from the water, air, and soil.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
Special Value to Honey Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0916 Collected Aug 20, 1994 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
BibliographyBibref 765 - McMillen's Texas Gardening: Wildflowers (1998) Howard, D.
Bibref 281 - Shinners & Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas (1999) Diggs, G. M.; B. L. Lipscomb; B. O'Kennon; W. F...
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Asclepias texana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Asclepias texana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Asclepias texana
MetadataRecord Modified: 2017-08-08
Research By: TWC Staff, NH