Aralia racemosa L.
Araliaceae (Ginseng Family)
USDA Symbol: arra
The large, tapered flower clusters of this 2-6 ft. perennial are made up of many tiny white flowers, each with a tinge of yellow or green. They grow upright above large compound foliage on heavy, leafy stems. Purple-red berries are showy in fall. Spikenard lacks spines and has numerous flower umbels in large clusters.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Shape: Ovate
Leaf Apex: Acuminate
Leaf Base: Oblique
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Up to about 6 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , AZ , CO , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NS , PE , QC
Native Distribution: N.B. to Man., s. to GA, n. AR & n.e. KS
Native Habitat: Woodland
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist, rich soil.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Divide old rootstocks when the plants go dormant in the fall. Plants may be slow to bloom after being disturbed. Propagation may be possible by seed.
Seed Collection: Seeds can be recovered fro the fruit by maceration and flotation.
Seed Treatment: Seeds may require cool-moist stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Natural Biodiversity - Johnstown, PA
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 26 - Minnesota Wildflowers: a field guide to the flora of Minnesota (2009)
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Aralia racemosa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Aralia racemosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Aralia racemosa
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-11-23
Research By: TWC Staff