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Anemone berlandieri Pritz.
Tenpetal Anemone, Tenpetal Thimbleweed, Windflower, Southern Anemone, Granny's Nightcap
Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)
Synonym(s): Anemone decapetala, Anemone decapetala var. heterophylla, Anemone heterophylla
USDA Symbol: anbe
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Southern anemone plants are 6-20 inches tall, with 1 greenish-white or purplish-blue flower to a stem. The few leaves are well below the flower, often near the ground. The parts of the flower that look like petals are actually the 10-20 sepals. The pistils form a conelike structure about 1 inch long (248).
Named for French-Swiss physician Jean Louis Berlandier (1805-1851) who collected plants in Texas and northern Mexico.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Up to about 20 inches tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Blue , Purple , Violet
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr
Bloom Notes: This plant has no petals. The sepals are colored.
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , FL , GA , KS , LA , MS , NC , OK , SC , TX , VA
Native Habitat: Throughout Texas. Well-drained sandy or calcareous clay soils.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Conditions Comments: Wind-flower is one of the first plants to bloom in the spring, then it goes dormant in the summer. The small plants produce flowers up to 1.5 inches across. Seeds fly away in the breeze, giving the plant its common name.
BenefitWarning: POISONOUS PARTS: All parts when fresh. Toxic only if eaten in large quantities. Symptoms include inflammation and blistering upon contact with fresh sap and irritation of the mouth, vomiting and diarrhea following ingestion. (Poisonous Plants of N.C.)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
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From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Patsy Glenn Refuge - Wimberley, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0191 Collected Mar. 15, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-67 Collected 2003-03-31 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Anemone berlandieri in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Anemone berlandieri in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Anemone berlandieri
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-05-03
Research By: TWC Staff