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Zanthoxylum kauaense

Zanthoxylum kauaense A. Gray

Kauai Pricklyash, Ae, Hea'e, Manele

Rutaceae (Rue family)

Synonym(s): Zanthoxylum glandulosum, Zanthoxylum hillebrandii, Zanthoxylum hillebrandii var. hiloense, Zanthoxylum kauaense var. kohalanum, Zanthoxylum kauaense var. kohuanum, Zanthoxylum kauaense var. tenuifolium, Zanthoxylum maviense, Zanthoxylum maviense var. anceps, Zanthoxylum maviense var. cranwelliae, Zanthoxylum maviense var. kaalanum, Zanthoxylum maviense var. lanaiense, Zanthoxylum maviense var. maunahuiense, Zanthoxylum maviense var. rigidum, Zanthoxylum molokaiense, Zanthoxylum semiarticulatum, Zanthoxylum semiarticulatum var. sessile, Zanthoxylum skottsbergii


USDA Native Status: HI (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Fruit Type: Follicle
Size Notes: Up to about 50 feet tall.
Fruit: Usually 1 black seed per follicle.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Red , Pink
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: White, sometimes pink or red-tinged. May bloom any time of year under the right conditions.


Native Habitat: Mesic forests, sometimes in dry to wet forests.


Bibref 1798 - Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, Revised Edition (1999) Wagner, W.L.; Herbst, D.R.; Sohmer, S.H.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 49 - Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (2020) Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
Webref 43 - Hawaiian Native Plant Genera (2006) University of Hawaii
Webref 44 - Plants of Hawaii (1997) Starr Environmental

Additional resources

USDA: Find Zanthoxylum kauaense in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Zanthoxylum kauaense in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zanthoxylum kauaense


Record Modified: 2021-05-26
Research By: CBR

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