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Zanthoxylum hawaiiense

Zanthoxylum hawaiiense Hillebr.

Hawaii Pricklyash, Ae, Hea'e, Manele

Rutaceae (Rue family)

Synonym(s): Zanthoxylum bluettianum, Zanthoxylum hawaiiense var. citriodorum, Zanthoxylum hawaiiense var. subacutum, Zanthoxylum hawaiiense var. velutinosum


USDA Native Status: HI (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Fruit Type: Follicle
Size Notes: Up to about 25 feet tall.
Fruit: Usually 1 black seed per follicle.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: May bloom any time of year under the right conditions.


Native Distribution: Listed as endangered in the United States.
Native Habitat: Dry forests on lava flows, sometimes in mesic forests.

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Threatened & Endangered Status

USFWS Species Profile: Q246
Status: Endangered
Historic Range: U.S.A. (HI)
Critical Habitat: 17.96(a)
Special Rules: N/A
This information is derived from the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Serrvice Environmental Conservation Online System.


Bibref 1798 - Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, Revised Edition (1999) Wagner, W.L.; Herbst, D.R.; Sohmer, S.H.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 49 - Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (2020) Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
Webref 43 - Hawaiian Native Plant Genera (2006) University of Hawaii
Webref 44 - Plants of Hawaii (1997) Starr Environmental

Additional resources

USDA: Find Zanthoxylum hawaiiense in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Zanthoxylum hawaiiense in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zanthoxylum hawaiiense


Record Modified: 2021-05-26
Research By: CBR

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