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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Zanthoxylum coriaceum

Zanthoxylum coriaceum A. Rich.

Biscayne Pricklyash, Leathery Prickly-ash

Rutaceae (Rue family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Fruit Type: Follicle
Size Notes: Up to about 20 feet tall.
Fruit: Usually 1 black seed per follicle.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Yellowish white to green.


Native Distribution: Known in North America only in Florida where it is listed as endangered.
Native Habitat: Coastal hammocks and thickets, roadsides.

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 42 - Florida Natural Areas Inventory Field Guides (2001) Florida Natural Areas Inventory Field Guides
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Zanthoxylum coriaceum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Zanthoxylum coriaceum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zanthoxylum coriaceum


Record Modified: 2021-05-26
Research By: CBR

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