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Viola langsdorfii (Aleutian violet)
Weyand, Phyllis

Viola langsdorffii

Viola langsdorffii Fisch. ex Gingins

Aleutian Violet, Alaska Violet

Violaceae (Violet Family)

Synonym(s): Viola langsdorfii, Viola simulata, Viola superba

USDA Symbol: VILA6

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)

A 2-6+ in. tall violet with rounded, heart-shaped leaves; the basal ones have petioles as long as 8 in. Large, lavender/violet flowers have petals flushed with white but yellow at the base. The lower, lateral petals are white bearded.


From the Image Gallery

1 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 1 foot tall, often shorter.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow , Purple , Violet
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AK , CA , OR , WA
Canada: BC
Native Distribution: S. AK, s. along the coast to s. OR; rarely inland
Native Habitat: Bogs; moist meadows; stream banks; snow beds

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
Soil Description: Wet to moist, cool soils.
Conditions Comments: Benefits from a winter covering of leaves or evergreen boughs.


Description: Propagate using seed, runner divisions or rooted offsets.
Seed Treatment: Seeds must be exposed to freezing for spring germination.
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Viola langsdorfii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola langsdorfii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola langsdorfii


Record Modified: 2023-01-03
Research By: TWC Staff

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